This non-surgical procedure relieves the pain of hip arthritis with an injection of the patient’s own blood platelets. The concentrated platelets promote the natural healing of damaged ligaments, cartilage and tendons.
Collecting the Platelets
The PRP process begins when a sample of blood is taken from the patient and placed into a centrifuge, where it is spun rapidly. The spinning process separates it into its components: plasma, platelets and white blood cells, and red blood cells. The red blood cells are drained away, and then the patient’s concentrated platelets, along with a portion of the plasma, are drawn into a syringe.
Preparing the Hip or Knee
The area is cleansed and sterilized. A local anesthetic may be applied to reduce pain at the injection site.
Administering the Injection
The needle containing the platelet rich plasma is directed into the hip and precisely guided to the target area with the help of fluoroscopic x-ray visualization or ultrasound. The platelet rich plasma is injected into and around the damaged tissues. Additional injections to other injured structures of the hip may be needed to ensure complete tissue healing and maximize joint stability.
The Body Reacts
The concentrated platelets release many growth factors that promote a natural immune response, mobilizing stem cells to the injured tissues. Macrophages – specialized white blood cells – rush in to remove damaged cells and prepare the tissue for healing.
The Healing Begins
Stem cells and other cells multiply, repair and rebuild the damaged tissue. This accelerated healing response reduces pain, promotes increased strength, and improves joint function.
The entire PRP treatment process takes about an hour – the patient will be able to go home the same day. Full recovery from the injection usually occurs within one week of the procedure. Many patients require three to four treatments before the injured tissues are completely healed and they return to a normal active lifestyle.